On 30 April 2017, former 310 Sqn and 312 Sqn, Spitfire AR501 has its maiden engine run after a 10 year rebuild.
On 30 April 2017, former 310 Sqn and 312 Sqn, Spitfire AR501 has its maiden engine run after a 10 year rebuild.
Vojtěch Kubalík – odhalení pamětní desky
On 27 April 2017,
Dne 27. dubna 2017
a memorial plaque was unveiled for
byla odhalena pamětní deska
at the house in Hrdibořice
na domě v Hrdibořicích,
where he was born 15 April 1919.
kde se 15. dubna 1919 narodil.
W/O Vojtěch Kubalík had flown as pilot with 311 Sqn during WW2.
Vojtěch Kubalík létal jako pilot u 311. perutě během druhé světové války.
Doubravka uctila své hrdiny.
Doubravka remembers her heroes.
V úterý 25. dubna se v parku na Habrmannově náměstí v Plzni Doubravce konal vzpomínkový akt připomínající Karla Pavlíka, Václava Šindeláře a Aloisa Záleského, kteří sloužili v RAF během 2. světové války a byli předváleční členové Západočeského aeroklubu Plzeň a občané Doubravky.
On Tuesday 25 April, a memorial act was held in the park on the Habrmann Square in Plzeň’s Doubravka District to commemorate Karel Pavlík, Václav Šindelář and Alois Záleský who served in the RAF during WWII and had been pre-war members of letců Západočeského aeroklubu and citizens of Doubravka.
Mezi hosty nechyběli rodinní příslušníci, zástupci města Plzně, armády, Leteckého historického klubu Plzeň, Svazu letců ČR – Letci Plzeň nebo plzeňské odbočky Českého svazu bojovníků za svobodu.
Among those attending were family members of the airmen, representatives of the city of Plzeň, the Army, Leteckého historického klubu Plzeň (Plzeň Aviation Historical Club), Svazu letců ČR – Letci Pilsen (Plzeň branch of Airmen’s Association of the Czech Republic) and Plzeňské odbočky Českého svazu bojovníků za svobodu (Plzeň branch of the Czech Union of Freedom Fighters)
Přítomným zahrál Junior orchestr.
Music was provided by the Plzeň junior orchestra.
V 16 hodin zahájil vzpomínku starosta Plzně Doubravky Michal Chalupný, který vyzdvihl statečnost a odvahu pilotů.
At 16:00, Michal Chalupný, Mayor of Plzeň Doubravka, opened the ceremony to commemorate the bravery and courage of those airmen.
S osudem pilotů seznámil přítomné předseda Leteckého historického klubu Plzeň Václav Toman. Všichni tři stateční vojáci byli členy Západočeského aeroklubu v Plzni.
Václav Toman, Chairman of the Aviation Historical Club Plzeň read out biographies of the airmen who had all been members of Západočeského aeroklubu v Plzni (West Bohemian Aviation Club of Plzeň).
Seržant Karel Pavlík byl sestřelen během operace Circus 157 dne 5. května 1942.
Sgt Karel Pavlík was shot down during Operation Circus 157 on May 5, 1942.
Václav Šindelář tragicky zahynul 19. dubna 1943 při cvičném letu na Spitfiru. Příčinou pádu letadla byla zřejmě porucha na kyslíkovém přístroji.
Václav Šindelář tragically died on April 19, 1943 in a training flight in a Spitfire. The cause of the aircraft’s crash was attributed to a failure in the oxygen supply.
Alois Zálesky létal na Spitfiru u 312. čs. stíhací perutě, kde doprovázel spojenecké bombardéry. Jeho osud byl uzavřen několik měsíců před koncem druhé světové války; 9. února 1945 zemřel na tréninku.
Alois Zálesky flew Spitfires with 312 Sqn escorting Allied bombers. His fate was sealed several months before the end of WWII; on 9 February 1945, he was killed whilst on a training flight.
Následovaly hymny historická Československá a britská. Na závěr došlo k položení květin k desce umístěné na budově konzervatoře.
The National Anthems of Czechoslovakia and Britain were played followed by the placing of wreaths and flowers by their memorial plaque on the Conservatory’s building.
© Jaroslav Kreisinger
A history of Czech aircrew trainees at 111 OTU, Bahamas during World War 2
The last Czechoslovak aircrews passed out from No.6 (C) OTU at Silloth in August 1943 and shortly after the ‘Czech Flight’ was disbanded. A new training base was needed and No.111 (Coastal) OTU in the Bahamas was selected. The location would provide better flying weather, leading to greater continuity in training and less likelihood of contact with the enemy. The unit also operated the B24 Liberator, the aircraft with which 311 Squadron had re-equipped during the early to mid part of 1943. The initial part of the crew training would be undertaken using the twin-engined B25 Mitchell’s (Mk’s I, II and III). The second, semi-operational stage would be undertaken using the B24 Liberator GR III, GR V and later GR VI and GR.VIII. Whilst the unit was under RAF command a group of Czech instructors would also be on hand to lead the trainees through flying and operating the B25 and the B24. and a Czechoslovak officer would oversee the Czech’ contingent.
The unit had been formed in August 1942 to train crews in the general reconnaissance role, using the types of aircraft then being delivered by the USA under ‘lend lease’. By the end of 1942 the OTU had nearly 30 B24’s on strength and had begun to perform patrols in the Caribbean area in conjunction with the USAAF and USN. At this time it was also decided that the unit would dedicate itself to training crews that were going to be operating the B24 in both the European and South East Asia areas of operations. It was also decided that upon completion of their training the crews would ‘ferry’ a B24 across the Atlantic to Prestwick in Scotland.
The training was to be carried out in three integral squadrons, numbered 1, 2 and 3 (they had originally been A, B and C Squadrons). The first two were equipped with the B25 Mitchell, with ‘A’ Squadron providing training for pilots and navigators. By 1943 Approximately 50 B25’s were based at Oakes Field. It was seen as an ideal aircraft for conversion to the B24, not least because of its similar tri-cycle undercarriage, something with which RAF crews would not be particularly familiar. The pilots and navigators would then join the wireless operators and air-gunners in ‘B’ Squadron to form the new crews. The B24 Liberators were operated by ‘C’ Squadron from nearby Windsor Field.
In addition to the Czechs, large numbers of Canadian (RCAF) and RAF aircrew were to be trained by the unit during its two years in the Caribbean. Whilst classroom activities were, as might be expected, an essential part of the training, operating the aircraft meant that a considerable number of navigational and radar homing exercises, practice anti-submarine patrols, fighter affiliation exercises, low level bombing and photographic sorties, air to air and air to sea firing exercises were undertaken. All of which largely took place during daylight hours. However, night flying also played a part, when exercises with the Liberators in the use of the Leigh Light would be undertaken. The training courses would usually finish with an up to ten hour practice anti-submarine patrol, usually entitled ‘Esco’ or ‘Kingsley’.
The first Czech crew to complete the training didn’t unfortunately come through unscathed. They commenced their training (as part of Course No. 7) on the 21st of June 1943 and the nominated crew consisted of Flt/Lt Jan HRNČÍŘ, Sgt Vítězslav BŘÍZA, F/O Jaroslavl MOTL, Sgt Jan BUCHTA, Sgt Karel SALZ and Sgt Jozef TURNA.
Towards the end of the first part of their training, on the morning of the 7th of August 1943, the crew carried out a training sortie in Mitchell FR352 (DF) returning shortly before lunch. It was thought that the wireless operators (Sgt SALZ and Sgt TURNA) required additional assessment and after lunch they went aloft again in Mitchell FV953 (FA), which on this occasion was piloted by Flying Instructor P/O Jan HADRÁVEK, they were also accompanied by the Radio Instructor Flt/Lt Jaroslav MAREŠ. The aircraft got airborne at 1500 hours, but according to an eye witness it appeared to lose power at a height of 250 to 300 feet and spiralled into the ground to the east of Nassau. Those that perished were 149112 P/O Jan HADRÁVEK (Flying Instructor), 787341 F/Sgt Josef ŠOTOLA, 787155 Sgt Vitezslav BŘÍZA, 101497 Flt/Lt Jaroslav MAREŠ (Radio Instructor), 788106 Sgt Karel SALZ and 788278 Sgt Jozef TURNA.They were buried the next day in Nassau War Cemetery.
The crew was reconstituted and finally consisted of Ft/Lt Jan HRNČÍŘ, F/Sgt Josef DROBNÍK, F/O Jaroslav MOTL, Sgt Jan BUCHTA, Sgt Tibor KARAS, Sgt Josef MIKULEC and Sgt Bohuslav HUBENÝ. They completed their training on the 18th of September 1943.
|1||7||consisted of Flt/Lt Jan HRNČÍŘ, Sgt Vítězslav BŘÍZA, F/O Jaroslavl MOTL, Sgt Jan BUCHTA, Sgt Karel SALZ and Sgt Jozef TURNA. Course duration 21.6.43 to 7.8.43.|
|1||7||consisted of Ft/Lt Jan HRNČÍŘ, F/Sgt Josef DROBNÍK, F/O Jaroslav MOTL, Sgt Jan BUCHTA, Sgt Tibor KARAS, Sgt Josef MIKULEC and Sgt Bohuslav HUBENÝ. Course duration 7.8.43 to 18.9.43.|
|2||7||consisted of F/O František NAXERA, F/Sgt Josef JIROUTEK, F/O Václav ŽDÍMAL, Sgt Ladislav ŽILÁK, Sgt Josef KUBÁT, Sgt Václav JANDA and Sgt Walter STANO. They passed out and flew to Miami on the 28th of September 1943 en-route for the UK.|
The commander of the Czech contingent at this time was Sqn/Ldr Bohumil LIŠKA. The Flying Instructor for the B.25 was P/O Jan HADRÁVEK, the Navigation Instructor was F/O Jaroslav MOCEK and the Radio telegraphy Instructor was Flt/Lt Jaroslav MAREŠ. Following their deaths on the 7th of August, HADRÁVEK and MAREŠ were replaced in September 1943 by Flt/Lt Karel SCHOŘ and in February 1944 by Flt/Lt Vladimír DOMINIK respectively. In addition Flt/Lt František RADINA and F/O Jan IRVING were also appointed in September as Flying Instructors for the B24. The instructing staff were further supplemented by experienced 311 Sqn airmen who had completed their operational tour and where deployed on instructional roles whilst on their non-operational rest periods between tours.
From this point on crews began to flow through the system quickly and they are listed below;
|3||9||F/O Alois ŠEDIVÝ, F/O Vladimír SLÁNSKÝ, F/O Jaromír FRANCŮ, Sgt Josef MATĚJÍČEK, Sgt Arnošt FLEISCHMANN, Sgt Petr GIBIÁN and Sgt Jan PECNÍK. (Initially the crew was to be captained by Sgt ŠOTOLA but following the accident on the 7th of August F/O SLÁNSKÝ took over. The course began on 23.8.43. and ended on 13.11.43|
|4||9||W/O Arnošt JEDOUNEK, F/Sgt Miloš ŠAFRÁNEK, F/Sgt Hanuš KORDA, Sgt Bohumil HROCH, Sgt František KUDLA. Sgt Josef HOSTÁŠEK and F/Sgt Štefan DUBRAVA. The course began on 7.8.43 to 18.9.43|
|5||10||F/O Jaroslav HÁJEK. W/O Gustav NETREFA, F/Sgt Karel SCHÜCK, Sgt Josef RUDINGER, Sgt František BEBENEK, Sgt František HRADIL and Sgt František CHOVANEC. The course began on 20.9.43. and ended on 24.12.43.|
|6||11||P/O Rudolf HAERING, W/O Jindřich BENEŠ, F/O František KORANDA, Sgt Alois JARMARA, Sgt Jaroslav BRÁZDIL, Sgt Štěpán BARABÁŠ and Sgt Josef DRBLÍK. The course began on 4.10.43. and ended on 24.12.43.|
|7||11||but it met with tragedy on the 23rd of November 1943. The crew consisted of 787495 W/O Miroslav STYBLÍK, 788225 Sgt Robert KRUPICA, 138871 F/O Josef ŠIMANDL, 788537 Sgt Hanuš TOMEK, 788441 Sgt Pavel FUCHS and 788423 Sgt Adolf OPLATKA. They got airborne in Mitchell FV952 (FX) shortly after 1835 hours for a night navigation exercise (Patrol 5 Night 2) together with several other B25’s. They encountered thunder cloud and bad weather including mist together with turbulence. One of the last messages from the aircraft indicated that it was heading towards Bimini with a course of 298 degrees. The aircraft disappeared and is believed to have come down in the sea near Bimini to the west of North Rock. A search was carried out but no survivors were found. The whole crew were posted as missing believed dead. The other aircraft taking part in the exercise managed to return to base safely.|
|8||12||consisted of F/Sgt Luděk MOUDRÝ, Sgt Lubomír VOLKA, F/Sgt Petr ARTON, Sgt Adolf KASAL, Sgt Jan GREGOR and Sgt Václav ČAPEK. Initially the crew was captained by F/O Pavel SCHULCZ, however at the end of the year he was posted back to the UK and in February 1944 took up a post as an instructor and interpreter at the RAF’s 105 (Transport) OTU at Bramcote. The course began on 18.10.43. and ended on 8.1.44.|
|9||13||consisted of W/O Karel POSPÍCHAL, F/O Rudolf KÖRPER, F/O František POLITZER, Sgt Václav ŠVEC, Sgt Václav ČERNÝ, Sgt Josef KOŠTÁL and Sgt Rudolf BARVÍŘ. The course began on 1.11.43. and ended on 22.1.44.|
|10||14||consisted of P/O Vratislav ŽEŽULKA, Flt/Lt Karel KVAPIL, Sgt Vilém BERMAN, Sgt Bohdan KLEIN, Sgt Jiří POLÁČEK, Sgt František MĚŘÍNSKÝ and Sgt Ján FILIP. The course began on 15.11.43. and ended on 5.2.44. The crew departed to Miami together with crew 9 on 8.2.44.|
|11||16||consisted of W/O Ludvík KOŠEK, P/O Karel NOVOTNÝ, Sgt Jan HORNUNG, Sgt Maxmilián MAYER, Sgt Bohumil ONDRÁK, Sgt Pavel DŘEVĚNÝ and Sgt Robert KELLNER. The course began on 13.12.43. and ended on 4.3.44.|
|12||16||consisted of Flt/Lt Rudolf PROTIVA, P/O Ladislav ŠESTÁK, P/O Ervín KOVÁČ, Sgt Pavel WECHSBERG, Sgt Jaroslav KOLÁČEK, Sgt Jiří KAFKA and Sgt Josef SZARKÖZY. P/O ŠESTÁK and P/O KOVÁČ both fell sick during the course and were temporarily replaced by Sgt Bohuslav PAVLÍK (who would finish his training as part of Crew 19) and F/O Miroslav PLAŇAVA (who would finish his training as part of Crew 18). Despite the sickness the whole crew was able to finish the course, which finished on 4.3.44. (see above).|
On 22 February 1944, the Duke of Windsor, Governor of the Bahamas, visited Oakes Fields for an inspection of 111 OTU. He inspected the Czechoslovak contingent and was accompanied by G/Cpt Alexander Hess, former 310 Sqn C/O and pilot and now Czechoslovak Air Attache in Ottawa, Canada.
|13||18||consisted of P/O Leo LINHART, Sgt Antonín MEDŘICKÝ, Sgt Hanuš LENHOFF, Sgt Jaroslav POLACH, Sgt Kurt KOHN and Sgt Jan ROUBÍK. The course began on 10.1.44. and ended on 1.4.44. (see above).|
|14||18||consisted of Sgt Oldřich BUREŠ, P/O Josef HUBIČKA, Sgt Otto MANDLER, Sgt Václav KRYMLÁK, Sgt Antonín BEDNÁŘ and Sgt Martin DORNIAK. The course ended on 1.4.44. (see above) and both crews left for Miami on the 3rd of April.|
|15||20||consisted of P/O Josef PAVELKA, Sgt Josef ŠNOBL, Sgt František KLEMENS, Sgt František MALÝ, Sgt NOVÁK and Sgt Valentin NOVÁK. The course began on 7.2.44. and ended on 29.4.44.|
|16||20||consisted of F/O Viktor VÝCHA, Sgt Miroslav POLACH, Sgt Leo TURNOVSKÝ, Sgt Konrád DEUTSCH, Sgt Dezider NEMÉTH and Sgt Otto BAUER. The course ended on 29.4.44. (see above).|
|17||22||consisted of W/O Jan ŘÍHA, F/O Jiří OSOLSOBĚ, F/O František KREJČÍ, Sgt Jiří MÜLLER, Sgt Evžen GLASNER, and Sgt Vladimír VRBA. The course began on 6.3.44. and ended on 27.5.44.|
|18||22||consisted of F/Sgt Jan MATĚJKA, Sgt Miloš BODLÁK, F/O Miroslav PLAŇAVA (see crew 12 above), Sgt Oldřich LINKA, Sgt Bernard LEBOVIČ and F/O Jaroslav KAMARÁD. Sgt Stanislav MIKULA also commenced his training with this crew, but was to complete it later with Crew 22. The other six airmen completed the course on 27.5.44. (see above).|
|19||24||consisted of F/Sgt Jaroslav KUDLÁČEK, Sgt Bohuslav PAVLÍK, Sgt Karel RYBNÍČEK, Sgt Bedřich BOK, Sgt Max DIAMANT and Sgt Jan KUCHARIČ. The course began on 3.4.44. and this crew completed on 24.6.44.|
|20||24||initially the crew consisted of Flt/Lt František JANOUŠEK, P/O František KAVÁLEK, Sgt Bohumil RYŠÁNEK, Sgt Jan ŠUSTR, Sgt Karel OTTA and Sgt Jaroslav SAXL. Unfortunately, Flt/Lt JANOUŠEK was to be promoted and posted as the senior officer of the Czech Element of the OTU with effect from the 24th of June. He was replaced by Flt/Lt Vladimír SLÁNSKÝ and the crew had to repeat some elements of the ‘C’ Squadron training with the new ‘skipper’. They finally completed their training together with crew 21 on 22.7.44.|
|21||26||consisted of F/Sgt Josef TICHÝ, P/O Antonín VRCHOTKA, F/O Vladimír VÁVRA, Sgt Ján NOVOTNÝ, Sgt Josef GEIER and Sgt Jaroslav ŠIŠPERA. Also involved was Sgt František DAVID, who finally completed his training with Crew 22. Sgt Alois NOVÁK was also involved, but had to re-do part of the wireless training and thus completed his training later as part of Crew 23. The course began on 1.5.44. and ended on 22.7.44.|
|22||28||consisted of F/Sgt Miroslav ŠIGUT, Sgt Jan ČEKAL, Sgt Antonín NĚMEC, Sgt Helmuth FRÜHMAN , Sgt František DAVID (see Crew 21 above), Sgt Andrej LOPUCH, Sgt Stanislav MIKULA, Captain of the crew was initially Flt/Lt Josef SIMET, but he was badly injured whilst bathing and had to undergo treatment in Nassau. Once released from hospital he was transferred to Course 32 to complete his training.The course began on 29.5.44. and ended on 19.8.44.|
|23||28||consisted of Flt/Lt Vladimír SLÁNSKÝ, Sgt Bohumil PROKOPEC, Sgt Bernard DEUTSCH, W/O Milan STEHNO, F/Sgt Josef CHYTRÝ and Sgt Alois NOVÁK (see above under crew 21). After completing his training Flt/Lt SLÁNSKÝ was transferred to take over crew 20, which had been left leaderless following the departure of Flt/Lt JANOUŠEK. P/O Jaroslav POLÍVKA took over as ‘skipper’ and the crew finally completed thir training on 16.9.44. The course had originally begun on 29.5.44.|
|24||32||consisted of Flt/Lt Josef SIMET (see above under crew 22), Sgt Zdeněk PALME, Sgt Zdeněk MUNZAR, Sgt Jozef VANIŠ, Sgt Vojtěch LUKÁŠ and Sgt Josef CHOVANEC. Around this time instructions were received from the RAF, stating that the Czech crews would be supplemented by the addition of up to ten RAF/RCAF airmen. As a result Sgt M Wallace (a flight engineer) and Sgts J Leach and A McVicar (both gunners) completed their training with this crew. The course began on 24.7.44. and ended on 14.10.44.|
|25||32||consisted of Flt/Lt Oldřich HOŘEJŠÍ, Sgt Miroslav PAVLOVSKÝ, F/O Eduard WICHTA, Flt/Lt Eduard ŠIMON and Sgt Antonín PADEVÍT. Also originally in this crew were Sgt Zoltan BOCK and Sgt Jan STEIN, who were transferred to crew 26. Plus Sgt Jaroslav PROKOP, who was transferred to crew 27. In addition three RAF/RCAF airmen were placed with the crew; Sgt R Patient (flight engineer) and Sgts D Logan and C Mcleod (both gunners).|
|26||32||consisted of F/Sgt Robert PROCHÁZKA, Sgt Karel FIALKA, Sgt Jan MUNK, Sgt Václav KNOLL, Sgt Jan STEIN (see above under crew 25), Sgt Zoltan BOCK (see above under crew 25). Also completing their training with this crew were three RAF/RCAF airmen; Sgt C Williams (flight engineer) and Sgts M Vercamer and D Oddy (both gunners).
All three crews did exceptionally well in the final exercise of the course. They all departed from Nassau on 21.10.44.
During the spring of 1944 the unit received several Liberator GR.VIs, these aircraft were fitted with a nose turret).
Typical aircraft in use by the 111 OTU at this time (October 1944) included ;
B25 Mitchells – FW145 (FM), FW147 (FO), FW150 (FP), FV946 (FF), FV954 (FB), FV 997 (FG), HD308 (FU), HD327 (FV), HD330 (FW), KJ580 (JD), KJ586 (JD), KJ668 (FJ), KJ671 (JX), KJ718 (JM), KJ719 (JL);
Liberators – BZ757 (LR), BZ761 (LN), BZ762 (LO), BZ808 (LY), BZ809 (LZ), BZ811 (MB), EV886G (ND), EV896 (NA), EV935G (NX), EV987 (NB), FL962 (LG), FL964 (LD), FL967 (LJ), FL968 (LF), FL993 (LB) and FL994 (LA).
|27||34||consisted of F/Sgt Jozef CHABÁK, Sgt Zdeněk LIPA, F/O Valter KAUDERS, F/O Jiří BOEHM, W/O Jaromír POTYKA, Sgt Antonín DURKAČ and Sgt Jaroslav PROKOP (see above under crew 25). Also completing their training with this crew were RAF/RCAF airmen Sgt H Hall and Sgt C Fische (both gunners). The course began on 21.8.44. and ended on 12.11.44. The crew departed from Nassau on the 15th of November.|
|28||36||consisted of W/O Jindřich BENEŠ, Sgt František BRET, F/O Arnošt ŠVERMA, F/Sgt Hanuš AUER, F/Sgt Josef JEDLIČKA and Sgt Jan GAZDARICA. Also attached to the crew were two RAF/RCAF gunners Sgts J Sankus and D Balfour. The course began on 18.9.44. and ended on 9.12.44.|
|29||36||consisted of F/Sgt Josef KLESNIL, Sgt Ilja HRUŠÁK, F/O Ladislav SNÍDAL, W/O Karel TRUXA, Sgt Oskar KREBS and Sgt Karel SPITZKOPF. In addition two RAF/RCAF gunners were attached to the crew; Sgts K Kirk and K Peck. The course ended on 9.12.44.
Both crews on Course 36 left Nassau on 13.12.44.
|30||40||consisted of Flt/Lt František DOLEŽAL, Sgt František KRÁL, F/O Karel ŠTĚPÁN, Sgt Jan STACH and Sgt Jaroslav SCHELLONG. Sgt Josef HAŠLAR was also originally part of the crew, but he was transferred to crew 33. The course began on 27.11.44. and ended on 17.2.45.|
|31||40||consisted of F/Sgt Jan POSNER, Sgt František MEZULÁNÍK, F/O Vladimír VANĚK, Sgt Karel REISER and Sgt Robert OESTERREICHER. Originally it was intended tha Sgt Josef PAŘEZ would be part of this crew but he was released and posted back to the UK on 27.12.44. Attached to the crew were three RAF/RCAF airmen; Sgt A Falconer, Sgt D Marshall and Sgt Nicholls.|
Both the crews that had been on Course No.40 left Nasau on 21.2.45. Around this time the unit began to receive Liberator GR.VIIIs, these aircraft were equipped with the advanced ASV Mk.X radar and additional anti-submarine equipment.
|32||42||consisted of Flt/Lt František MACHÁLEK, Sgt Miroslav SEDLÁČEK, F/O Jaroslav DOLEŽAL, Sgt Karel OSOBA, Sgt Jakub ŠTĚPÁNEK and Sgt Josef HRADIL. The course began on 27.12.44. and ended on 17.3.45. The crew left Nassau on 21.3.45.|
|33||44||consisted of Flt/Lt Karel LANCZIK, Sgt Emanuel BRTVA, F/O Robert KOBLOVSKÝ, Sgt Emil DURICA, Sgt František KACUR, Sgt Arnošt TRAUBMANN and Sgt Josef HAŠLAR (see crew 30 above). The course began on 22.1.45. and ended on 14.4.45.|
|34||44||consisted of F/Sgt Antonín BROŽ, Sgt Jaroslav LOVĚTÍNSKÝ, F/O Miroslav SOBOTA, Sgt Jan HEIN, Sgt Boleslav IVÁNEK and Sgt Arnošt CHOVANEC.
Both the crews that had been on Course No.44 left Nassau on 18.4.45.
|35||45||consisted of W/O Bohuslav JAROŠ, Sgt Václav KADLČÍK, F/O Bohumir KRÉZEK, Sgt Václav JANDERA, Sgt Jaroslav PIKULA and Sgt Karel KRAKOVSKÝ. The crew also included two RAF/RCAF airmen Sgt Colli and Sgt Johnson. The course began on 5.2.45. and ended on 28.4.45. and the crew left Nassau on 2.5.45.|
|36||47||consisted of F/Sgt Miloš ŠAFRÁNEK, Sgt Vladimír SOCHOR, F/O Jaromir Danek, Sgt Hanuš VOGEL, Sgt Jaroslav LANDSFELD, Sgt Josef PRÁGL and Sgt Bohumil HOLEŠ. The course began on 5.3.45. and ended on 26.5.45.|
|37||50||consisted of Flt/Lt Jiří ENGEL, Sgt Jaroslav HOLÝ, F/O Josef HOŘEJŠÍ, Sgt Hanuš GROSZ, Sgt Tomas LÖWENSTEIN, Sgt Oldřich KULÍK and F/Sgt Václav ONDRÁČEK. The course began on 16.4.45. and ended on 7.7.45.|
This crew was the last Czechoslovak crew to complete training in the Bahamas and they departed for the UK on the 11th of July. The unit had been informed that it was to relocate to the UK and from the 25th of July personnel began to return home. The normal flight route was via Nassau – Bermuda – Gander – Lagens and Prestwick to Lossiemouth, the units new home in the UK. It was reconstituted later in the year with a mixed bag of Liberators and some Wellingtons. However, the demand for crews was falling and the number of aircraft was shrinking. By November 1945 the unit could only boast eight Liberators. It was officially disbanded in May 1946.
On 6 April 2017 at 14:30, at Topolany, a ceremony was held to unveil a memorial plaque to commemorate:
Alois KLEVAR, fought in the Resistance in France,
Jan MARŠÁLEK, Wireless Operator trainee with 4 AOS, RAF, † 14/07/41, Scotland,
František MUZIKANT, soldier with the Czechoslovak Independent Brigade in Great Britain,
Cyril SKLENÁŘ, 310 Sqn RAF, Armourer.
who were citizens of Topolany and had fought with the Allies against the Germans during WW2.
At 2pm on Saturday 6 May,
the annual ceremony to commemorate the anniversary of
the end of WW2
will be held.
at the Czechoslovak Memorial
in Brookwood Military Cemetery, Surrey.
On 26 March 2017, a Memorial Plaque to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the birth of W/Cmdr Vladimír Nedvěd MBE, DFC, CMC, TGM, C/O of 311 Sqn, was unveiled at the school he had attended at Kyjov.
The well attended ceremony was opened with the school’s choir singing Moravian folk songs.
The opening speech by Filip Zdražil welcomed the guests and also included an extract from a letter from the widow of Vladimír Nedvěd, who regretfully was unable to make the journey from Australia.
Speeches then followed from František Lukl, Mayor of Kyjov, Bohumila Šimka, Governor of South Moraviaa and Col. Eduard Stehlík from the Ministry of Defence.
Video : © Jaroslav Morochovič 2017
The choir then sang Škoda lásky which was followed by prayers for fallen soldiers by Dan Petricek, military chaplain, of the 74th Light Motorized Battalion Bučovice.
The Last Post was then played by a bugler from Kyjov school.
Video : © Pavel Hodes 2017
Brig. gen. Emil Boček then unveiled the memorial plaque and wreaths and flowers were laid.
The ceremony concluded with the choir singing the national anthem of the Czech Republic.
Guests were then able to visit an exhibition about W/Cmdr Vladimír Nedvěd which was on display inside the school.
A biography on W/Cmdr Vladimír Nedvěd here.
V sobotu 25. března ve 14 hodin byl zahájen před domem v 38. Plzenecké ulici v Plzni Slovanech vzpomínkový akt na Ladislava Světlíka stíhacího pilota československého a britského královského letectva RAF.
At 14:00 on Saturday, 25 March 25 at 38 Plzenecká ulice, Plzeň 2-Slovany, the birthplace of Ladislav Světlík, fighter pilot in the Czechoslovak and British Air Force, to commemorate the 100th anniversary of his birth.
Celým programem provázel Martin Marek, který nejprve přivítal všechny hosty, mezi kterými byl plukovník Pavel Vranský, český letec z druhé světové války a bojovník od Tobrúku. Zastoupena také byla rodina Ladislava Světlíka. Nechyběli zástupci městského obvodu Plzeň Slovany a zájmové složky. Po úvodním přivítání následovala britská a posléze česká státní hymna. Poté se slova ujal místostarosta Slovan Jan Fluxa.
Compering the event was Martin Marek, who first welcomed all the guests, among whom was Col. Pavel Vranský, Czech RAF airman who also fought as a soldier at Tobruk during WW2. Members of the family of Ladislav Světlík, representatives of the Plzeň Slovan Municipal authority and well-wishers. The national anthems of Britain and Czechoslovakia were then played, a short speech by Jan Flux, Deputy Mayor of Plzeň Slovany.
Daniel Švec poté vystoupil s projevem o životě Ladislava Světlíka. Byl členem WW2 v československém letectvu, po německém obsazení Československa utekl přes Polsko do Francie. Po francouzské kapitulaci odchází do Anglie. Tam vstoupil do RAF, v které bojoval v průběhu 2. světové války. V bojích dosáhl pětí potvrzených sestřelů Luftwaffe. Po válce létal u Československých aerolinek. Po únorovém komunictickém puči v roce 1948 mu režim nepřál. V roce 1950 se podílel na přeletu tří dopravních letounů ČSA na západ. Vrátil se do Velké Británie, kde sloužil v RAF. Následně žil na Maltě. Poté na Novém Zélandu, kde v roce 2008 zemřel.
Daniel Švec then gave a speech about the life of Ladislav Světlík; he was a member of the pre-WW2 Czechoslovak Air Force, after the German occupation of Czechoslovakia, he escaped to Poland and then onto France. After the French capitulation was evacuated to England. There he joined the RAF with whom he fought during WW2 and was to achieve five confirmed Luftwaffe kills.After the war he returned to Czechoslovakia and flew for ČSA. Following the Communist putsch in February 1948, in 1950 he flew in an escape to the West which involved three ČSA passenger aircraft. He returned to the UK and rejoined the RAF, he subsequently lived in Malta and New Zealand, where he died in 2008.
V krátkém proslovu vyzdvihl Pavel Vranský odvahu Čechoslováků, kteří se nebáli bojovat za svobodu naší vlasti.
Pavel Vranský then, in a short speech, highlighted the courage of the Czechoslovaks who were not afraid to fight for the liberation of Czechoslovakia.
Po slavnostních vystoupení všech hostů následovalo samotné odhalení pamětní desky a následné kladení květin a věnců.
A Memorial Plaque was then unveiled followed by the laying of wreaths and flowers.
Poté Martin Marek předal Pavlu Vranskému pamětní medaili.
Martin Marek then presented a medal to Col. Pavel Vranský.
Na závěr trubač odtroubil Večerku a všichni přítomní uctili památku všech minutou ticha.
The ceremony concluded with a bugler playing the ‘Last Post’ and all attendees observing a minutes.
© Jaroslav Kreisinger